Air, Missile, and Maritime Defense Technology — Division 3
The Air, Missile, and Maritime Defense Technology Division's role is to work with government, industry, and laboratories to develop and assess integrated systems for defense against threats posed by ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, and air and maritime platforms in tactical, regional, and homeland defense applications. The division's main focus is investigating system concepts, developing technology, building prototypes, and conducting measurements to support the development of radar and optical sensors, interceptors, and networks for air, missile, and maritime defense systems. A strong emphasis is placed on partnerships and the transfer of technology to industry.
Group 31—Systems and Architectures
The Systems and Architectures Group examines near- and long-term technology opportunities for charting the future development of U.S. missile defenses. As the country proceeds with the deployment of new missile defense systems, MIT Lincoln Laboratory and this group are working on the next generation of architectures and technologies. The group investigates advanced radar concepts, new infrared sensors, missile designs, space-based platforms, and future distributed command-and-control software to help identify opportunities to develop, test, and deploy these technologies. The group also devotes considerable effort to investigating the impact of various countermeasures on U.S. air and missile defense systems, particularly with respect to various types of electronic warfare. Staff members in the group have a wide variety of backgrounds, including physics, electrical engineering, math, and astrodynamics.
Group 33—Advanced Sensor Systems and Test Beds
The Advanced Sensor Systems and Test Beds Group supports the Department of Defense by designing and developing modern sensor systems and components to support airborne air defense radars as well as the ballistic missile defense system. The group has a long-term association with the Reagan Test Site (RTS) located on the Kwajalein Atoll in the central Pacific, providing a key role in developing the sophisticated instrumentation suite at RTS. Control of these sensors is provided by a software system that employs net-centric principles and permits remote mission operations from multiple locations, thousands of miles from the Range. The group's expertise in sensor systems has been extended to support ranges involved in other defense system testing, as well as to track satellites throughout both the Atlantic and Pacific regions. Test beds incorporating sensor sidecars with network-centric architectures have been used to support discrimination algorithm testing, sensor fusion experiments, and the development of real-time sensor processing. This group is also fielding experimental systems implementing new signal processing concepts that improve the performance and use of over-the-horizon radars and airborne air defense radars, such as the Air Force's Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) radar and the Navy's E-2D radar.
Group 36—Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) Integration
The Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) Integration Group supports the Missile Defense Agency in the development, deployment, testing, and enhancement of the ballistic missile defense system. This system is currently being developed to defend the United States, deployed forces, and allies from ballistic missile attacks. The group performs detailed system and component engineering, flight and ground test analysis, and advanced capability development in collaboration with the contractors and government program offices that are building the missile defense elements and components. Several elements are being developed, tested, and deployed in the near future, including the ground-based missile defense element (to protect the United States from intercontinental ballistic missiles) and a ship-based Aegis ballistic missile defense element (to protect deployed forces and allies against short- and medium-range ballistic missiles).
Group 37—Advanced Undersea Systems and Technology
The Advanced Undersea Systems and Technology Group develops innovative undersea and undersea-enabled capabilities for transition to operational systems of the U.S. Navy and other Department of Defense (DoD) sponsors. Focus areas include acoustic and nonacoustic sensors, undersea networks, autonomous systems, and advanced signal processing algorithms. The group performs rigorous systems analyses, develops system architectures, and builds prototypes to demonstrate the viability and effectiveness of new concepts, capabilities, and processing techniques. In addition, the group provides undersea domain and technology expertise to inform and motivate novel cross-domain concept development.
Group 38—Interceptor and Sensor Technology
The Interceptor and Sensor Technology Group supports the development of advanced technologies and systems for applications to the surveillance, tracking, and intercept of targets by air and missile defense systems. These programs support the Missile Defense Agency as well as the military services. The technology and system development efforts also support the evolution of advanced ballistic missile defense concepts and capabilities as well as new ground, airborne, and space-based sensors for data collection. The emphasis of the group's work is on advanced sensors and algorithms, missile guidance, mission simulations, laboratory and field/flight tests, data extraction and processing, and data reduction and analysis.
Group 39—Advanced Concepts and Technologies
The Advanced Concepts and Technologies Group develops radar, electronic warfare, and system-of-systems technologies for use in future integrated air and missile defense systems. Of particular interest are (1) the development of electronic attack techniques, technologies, and tactics to defend friendly assets from enemy missile attacks; (2) the development of highly digitized phased-array radars and techniques for advanced signal processing and electronic protection to enable the next generation of land, shipboard, and airborne sensors; and (3) the development of engagement and resource coordination capabilities. Major activities within the group include system concept development, modeling and simulation, signal processing algorithm design, prototype system design and development, and experimental field testing and data analysis.
Kwajalein Field Site
The Kwajalein Field Site group serves as the scientific advisor to the Reagan Test Site at the U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll installation located about 2500 miles WSW of Hawaii. Approximately 15 staff members, accompanied by their families, work at this site, generally serving a three-year tour of duty. The site's radar, optical, and telemetry sensors support missile testing and satellite tracking.The test site provides facilities for sensor technology development, development of ballistic missile defense techniques, and improvements in space situational awareness capabilities. Lincoln Laboratory also supports upgrades to the command-and-control infrastructure of the Range by using a network-centric architecture enabling operations from distributed geographic locations, with a focus on a new control center in Huntsville, Alabama.
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