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PRIME Polynomial
Rooting Algorithms for
Joint Azimuth/Elevation
Estimation Using Planar
Arrays 1

Gary F. Hatke and Keith W. Forsythe
MIT Lincoln Laboratory
244 Wood Street
Lexington, MA 02173-9108
email: hatke@ll.mit.edu ,

Polynomial rooting techniques for efficient high-resolution estimation of direction parameters from linear arrays are well documented in the literature. These techniques are limited, however, to cases of estimating a scalar direction parameter (say, either azimuth or elevation). This presentation introduces a methodology for extending the polynomial rooting philosophy to the case of multidimensional arrays, which will be used to estimate jointly both azimuth and elevation parameters of the signal directions. It is shown via simulation that the resolution capabilities of the Polynomial Root Intersection for Multidimensional Estimation (PRIME) class of algorithms is superior to the spectral algorithms they supplant, and that the variance of the direction estimates is equal to that of the corresponding spectral algorithms. It is shown analytically that the mean squared error of the PRIME estimates can be asymptotically equal to that of the spectral MUSIC estimates. Finally, some extensions are discussed.

1 This work was sponsored by the Advanced Research Projects Agency and the Department of the Air Force under contract number F19628-95-C-0002.



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