ADS-Mode S system overview
October 25, 1993
ADS-Mode S is a system concept that merges the capabilities of Automatic Dependent Surveillance and the Mode S beacon radar. The result is an integrated system for seamless surveillance and data link that permits equipped aircraft to participate in ADS or beacon ground environments. This offers many possibilities for transitioning from a beacon to an ADS based surveillance system. The ADS-Mode S squitter. The current Mode S squitter is a spontaneous, periodic (once per second) 56-bit broadcast message containing the Mode S 24-bit address. This broadcast is provided by all Mode S transponders and is used by the Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) to acquire nearby Mode S equipped aircraft. For ADS-Mode S use, this squitter broadcast would be extended to 112 bits to provide for the transmission of a 56-bit ADS message field. The ADS squitter would be transmitted in addition to the current TCAS squitter in order to maintain compatibility with current TCAS equipment during transition.