Under FAA sponsorship, MIT, Lincoln Laboratory has developed new techniques which significantly enhance automated aircraft detection in all forms of clutter. These techniques are embodied in a digital signal processor called the Moving Target Detector (MTD). This processor has been integrated into the ARTS-III system at the National Aviation Facilities Experimental Center, Atlantic City, New Jersey (NAFEC) and has undergone testing during the summer of 1975. This report contains a description of the MTD design and its evaluation tests. A detailed discussion of the significance of the results is also presented. The detection performance of the MTD was excellent in the clear, in rain and ground clutter, and false alarms were under complete control. The MTD processed range and azimuth data was very accurate, and the MTJI did not suffer from track dropouts as did the conventional MTI when the aircraft track became tangential to the radar. Performance was excellent on magnetron as well as klystron-type radars with the exception- of second-time-around clutter cancellation.