Dual lane runway study, final report
May 22, 1973
MIT Lincoln Laboratory Report ATC-17
The issues in the dual lane runway problem were investigated via computer real time (man in the loop) and fast time (no human input during the simulation run) simulations in order to identify a dual lane runway configuration and determine operation strategies. The real time experiments were conducted using experienced ATC controllers and a pilot to observe the situation at interactive graphics CRT displays. Headsets and microphones were utilized to permit the normal controller/pilot interchanges. Flight strips as used in control tower cabs were employed to further simulate controller workload. Based on information gained during early real time controller experiments, a programmed controller concept (fast time) was adopted. A series of dual lane runway computer simulation experiments were performed to investigate the pertinent dual lane issues: centerline spacing, arrival/departure preference, parallel taxiway, threshold stagger, and hiqh speed exits. In addition, time was spent analyzing operational high density airport terminal facilities. Airport administrative and operations personnel were interviewed to obtain their views on high density operations and the dual lane concept. Peak rush hour periods were sought out to detenTIine control strategies employed indirecting peak period traffic. Air crews utilizing these high density airport terminals were interviewed in the course of their operations into and out of these major hub airports.