Adaptive RF canceller for transmit-receive isolation improvement
January 19, 2014
For effective operation, Simultaneous Transmit and Receive (STAR) systems require high isolation between the transmitted signals and the receiver input, the absence of which can lead to the saturation of a receiver's front end. This paper presents an adaptive RF canceller used to improve isolation. The canceller is configured as an RD tapped delay line with four taps, each with independent amplitude and phase weights that are tuned by a Dithered Linear Search algorithm. This canceller produces 30 dB of signal cancellation over a 20 MHz bandwidth centered at 2.45 GHz in an isolated environment. When combined with a high-isolation antenna, an overall STAR system isolation of 90 dB is achieved, while also maintaining omnidirectional transmit and receive antenna patterns.