ASR-9 Microburst Detection Algorithm
October 22, 1993
The ASR-9 Wind Shear Processor (WSP) is intended as an economical alternative for those airports that have not been slated to receive a Terminal Doppler Weather Radar (TDWR) but have, or will be receiving, an ASR-9 radar. Lincoln Laboratory has developed a prototype ASR-9 WSP system which has been demonstrated during the summer months of the past three year in Orlando, Florida. During the operational test period, microburst and gust front warnings, as well as storm motion indications, were provided to the Air Traffic Control in real time. The ASR-9 Microburst Detection Algorithm (AMDA) is based on the earlier TDWR Microburst Detection Algorithm but has been substantially modified to match better the particular strengths and weaknesses of the ASR-9 rapid-scanning fan-beam radar. The most significant additions included a capability to detect overhead microbursts, a reflectivity processing step used to help detect velocity signatures that have been biased by overhanging precipitation, and a modification to some of the shear segment grouping and thresholding parameters to accommodate better the typical on-air siting of the ASR-9. In addition, the AMDA has been designed to be as efficient as possible to allow it to run at the radar's 4.8 seconds/scan antennas rotation rate on a single-board computer. A detailed description of AMDA, as well as the performance evaluation strategy and results, are presented in this report.