Automated generation and analysis of attack graphs
May 12, 2002
An integral part of modeling the global view of network security is constructing attack graphs. In practice, attack graphs are produced manually by Red Teams. Construction by hand, however, is tedious, error-prone, and impractical for attack graphs have larger than a hundred nodes. In this paper we present an automated technique for generating and analyzing attack graphs. We base our technique on symbolic model checking algorithms, letting us construct attack graphs automatically and efficiently. We also describe two analyses to help decide which attacks would be most cost-effective to guard against. We implemented our techniques in a tool suite and tested it on a small network example, which includes models of a firewall and an intrusion detection system.