Backdoor poisoning of encrypted traffic classifiers
November 28, 2022
IEEE Intl. Conf. Data Mining Workshops, ICDMW, 28 Nov. - 1 Dec. 2022.
Significant recent research has focused on applying deep neural network models to the problem of network traffic classification. At the same time, much has been written about the vulnerability of deep neural networks to adversarial inputs, both during training and inference. In this work, we consider launching backdoor poisoning attacks against an encrypted network traffic classifier. We consider attacks based on padding network packets, which has the benefit of preserving the functionality of the network traffic. In particular, we consider a handcrafted attack, as well as an optimized attack leveraging universal adversarial perturbations. We find that poisoning attacks can be extremely successful if the adversary has the ability to modify both the labels and the data (dirty label attacks) and somewhat successful, depending on the attack strength and the target class, if the adversary perturbs only the data (clean label attacks).