Corpora design and score calibration for text dependent pronunciation proficiency recognition
September 20, 2019
This work investigates methods for improving a pronunciation proficiency recognition system, both in terms of phonetic level posterior probability calibration, and in ordinal utterance level classification, for Modern Standard Arabic (MSA), Spanish and Russian. To support this work, utterance level labels were obtained by crowd-sourcing the annotation of language learners' recordings. Phonetic posterior probability estimates extracted using automatic speech recognition systems trained in each language were estimated using a beta calibration approach  and language proficiency level was estimated using an ordinal regression . Fusion with language recognition (LR) scores from an i-vector system  trained on 23 languages is also explored. Initial results were promising for all three languages and it was demonstrated that the calibrated posteriors were effective for predicting pronunciation proficiency. Significant relative gains of 16% mean absolute error for the ordinal regression and 17% normalized cross entropy for the binary beta regression were achieved on MSA through fusion with LR scores.