The effects of telephone transmission degradations on speaker recognition performance
May 9, 1995
The two largest factors affecting automatic speaker identification performance are the size of the population an the degradations introduced by noisy communication, channels (e.g., telephone transmission). To examine experimentally these two factors, this paper presents text-independent speaker identification results for varying speaker population sizes up to 630 speakers for both clean, wideband speech and telephone speech. A system based on Gaussian mixture speaker identification and experiments are conducted on the TIMIT and NTIMIT databases. This is believed to be the first speaker identification experiments on the complete 630 speaker TIMIT and NTIMIT databases and the largest text-independent speaker identification task reported to date. Identification accuracies of 99.5% and 60.7% are achieved on the TIMIT and NTIMIT databases, respectively. This paper also presents experiments which examine and attempt to quantify the performance loss associated with various telephone degradations by systematically degrading the TIMIT speech in a manner consistent with measured NTIMIT degradations and measuring the performance loss at each step. It is found that the standard degradations of filtering and additive noise do not account for all of the performance gap between the TIMIT and NTIMIT data. Measurements of nonlinear microphone distortions are also...