Feedback-based social media filtering tool for improved situational awareness
May 10, 2016
This paper describes a feature-rich model of data relevance, designed to aid first responder retrieval of useful information from social media sources during disasters or emergencies. The approach is meant to address the failure of traditional keyword-based methods to sufficiently suppress clutter during retrieval. The model iteratively incorporates relevance feedback to update feature space selection and classifier construction across a multimodal set of diverse content characterization techniques. This approach is advantageous because the aspects of the data (or even the modalities of the data) that signify relevance cannot always be anticipated ahead of time. Experiments with both microblog text documents and coupled imagery and text documents demonstrate the effectiveness of this model on sample retrieval tasks, in comparison to more narrowly focused models operating in a priori selected feature spaces. The experiments also show that even relatively low feedback levels (i.e., tens of examples) can lead to a significant performance boost during the interactive retrieval process.