The MITLL/AFRL MT system is a statistical phrase-based translation system that implements many modern SMT training and decoding techniques. Our system was designed with the long term goal of dealing with corrupted ASR input for Speech-to-Speech MT applications. This paper will discuss the architecture of the MITLL/AFRL MT system, and experiments with manual and ASR transcription data that were run as part of the IWSLT-2005 Chinese-to-English evaluation campaign.