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Single antenna in-band full-duplex isolation-improvement techniques

Published in:
IEEE Int. Symp. Antennas and Propagation (APSURSI), 26 June - 1 July 2016.
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Summary

Many in-band full-duplex wireless systems transmit and receive on a single antenna to minimize redundancy and maintain compact form factors. For effective operation, all of these systems need to maximize transmit-to-receive isolation, which is limited by non-ideal antenna matching and non-zero circulator leakage. Several isolation-improvement techniques are investigated in this paper, and illustrate how RF components can be used to minimize the consequential self-interference of these systems. Two unique cancellation schemes were validated, and the isolation of a single-antenna transceiver was measured to improve by 15 and 33 dB over the 100 MHz bandwidth centered at 2.45 GHz.
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Summary

Many in-band full-duplex wireless systems transmit and receive on a single antenna to minimize redundancy and maintain compact form factors. For effective operation, all of these systems need to maximize transmit-to-receive isolation, which is limited by non-ideal antenna matching and non-zero circulator leakage. Several isolation-improvement techniques are investigated in this...

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Multitap RF canceller for in-band full-duplex wireless communications

Published in:
IEEE Wirel. Commun., Vol. 15, No. 6, June 2016, pp. 4321-34.
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Summary

In-band full-duplex wireless communications are challenging because they require the mitigation of self-interference caused by the co-located transmitter to operate effectively. This paper presents a novel tapped delay line RF canceller architecture with multiple non-uniform pre-weighted taps to improve system isolation by cancelling both the direct antenna coupling as well as multipath effects that comprise a typical interference channel. A four-tap canceller prototype was measured over several different operating conditions, and was found to provide an average of 30 dB signal cancellation over a 30 MHz bandwidth centered at 2.45 GHz in isolated scenarios. When combined with an omni-directional high-isolation antenna, the canceller improved the overall analog isolation to 90 dB for these cases. In an indoor setting, the canceller suppressed a +30 dBm OFDM signal by 22 dB over a 20 MHz bandwidth centered at 2.45 GHz, and produced 78 dB of total analog isolation. This complete evaluation demonstrates not only the performance limitations of an optimized multitap RF canceller, but also establishes the amount of analog interference suppression that can be expected for the different environments considered.
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Summary

In-band full-duplex wireless communications are challenging because they require the mitigation of self-interference caused by the co-located transmitter to operate effectively. This paper presents a novel tapped delay line RF canceller architecture with multiple non-uniform pre-weighted taps to improve system isolation by cancelling both the direct antenna coupling as well...

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Simultaneous Transmit and Receive (STAR) mobile testbed

Published in:
2016 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symp., RWS 2016, 24-27 January 2016.
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Summary

Simultaneous Transmit and Receive (STAR) systems typically utilize multiple cancellation layers to improve system isolation and avoid self-interference. The design of these different layers must be evaluated both individually and as a whole to determine their effectiveness in various environments. A flexible and reusable mobile testbed was constructed to aid in the development and assessment of these different STAR technologies for both stationary and non-stationary applications. The usefulness of this platform was confirmed during the integration of an example STAR system that measured greater than 100 dB of total system isolation over a 30 MHz bandwidth centered at 2.45 GHz.
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Summary

Simultaneous Transmit and Receive (STAR) systems typically utilize multiple cancellation layers to improve system isolation and avoid self-interference. The design of these different layers must be evaluated both individually and as a whole to determine their effectiveness in various environments. A flexible and reusable mobile testbed was constructed to aid...

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Fast online learning of antijamming and jamming strategies

Published in:
2015 IEEE Global Communications Conf., 6-10 December 2015.

Summary

Competing Cognitive Radio Network (CCRN) coalesces communicator (comm) nodes and jammers to achieve maximal networking efficiency in the presence of adversarial threats. We have previously developed two contrasting approaches for CCRN based on multi-armed bandit (MAB) and Qlearning. Despite their differences, both approaches have shown to achieve optimal throughput performance. This paper addresses a harder class of problems where channel rewards are time-varying such that learning based on stochastic assumptions cannot guarantee the optimal performance. This new problem is important because an intelligent adversary will likely introduce dynamic changepoints, which can make our previous approaches ineffective. We propose a new, faster learning algorithm using online convex programming that is computationally simpler and stateless. According to our empirical results, the new algorithm can almost instantly find an optimal strategy that achieves the best steady-state channel rewards.
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Summary

Competing Cognitive Radio Network (CCRN) coalesces communicator (comm) nodes and jammers to achieve maximal networking efficiency in the presence of adversarial threats. We have previously developed two contrasting approaches for CCRN based on multi-armed bandit (MAB) and Qlearning. Despite their differences, both approaches have shown to achieve optimal throughput performance...

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Vehicle-mounted STAR antenna isolation performance

Published in:
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society Int. Symp. 2015, 19-25 July 2015.
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Summary

Vehicle-to-vehicle communication systems promise enhanced safety for passengers, but require access to a crowded wireless spectrum to enable their data links. Simultaneous Transmit and Receive (STAR) systems can facilitate this spectrum access by increasing the number of users within a given frequency band. Since high isolation is needed for STAR system operation, the effect of mounting a STAR antenna on a vehicle is investigated in this paper. The omni-directional antennas isolation performance was measured to be 53 dB at 2.45 GHz across a 60 MHz bandwidth, which confirms that the vehicle does not significantly degrade isolation performance.
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Summary

Vehicle-to-vehicle communication systems promise enhanced safety for passengers, but require access to a crowded wireless spectrum to enable their data links. Simultaneous Transmit and Receive (STAR) systems can facilitate this spectrum access by increasing the number of users within a given frequency band. Since high isolation is needed for STAR...

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Simultaneous transmit and receive (STAR) system architecture using multiple analog cancellation layers

Published in:
2015 IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. (IMS 2015) 17-22 May 2015.
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Summary

Simultaneous Transmit and Receive operation requires a high amount of transmit-to-receive isolation in order to avoid self-interference. This isolation is best achieved by utilizing multiple cancellation techniques. The combination of adaptive multiple-input multiple-output spatial cancellation with a high-isolation antenna and RF canceller produces a novel system architecture that focuses on cancellation in the analog domain before the receiver's low-noise amplifier. A prototype of this system has been implemented on a moving vehicle, and measurements have proven that this design is capable of providing more than 90 dB of total isolation in realistic multi path environments over a 30 MHz bandwidth centered at 2.45 GHz. Index Terms-Adaptive systems, full-duplex wireless communication, interference cancellation, multiaccess communication, simultaneous transmit and receive, STAR.
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Summary

Simultaneous Transmit and Receive operation requires a high amount of transmit-to-receive isolation in order to avoid self-interference. This isolation is best achieved by utilizing multiple cancellation techniques. The combination of adaptive multiple-input multiple-output spatial cancellation with a high-isolation antenna and RF canceller produces a novel system architecture that focuses on...

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Optimizing media access strategy for competing cognitive radio networks

Published in:
GLOBECOM 2013: 2013 IEEE Global Communications Conf., 9-13 December 2013.

Summary

This paper describes an adaptation of cognitive radio technology for tactical wireless networking. We introduce Competing Cognitive Radio Network (CCRN) featuring both communicator and jamming cognitive radio nodes that strategize in taking actions on an open spectrum under the presence of adversarial threats. We present the problem in the Multi-armed Bandit (MAB) framework and develop the optimal media access strategy consisting of mixed communicator and jammer actions in a Bayesian setting for Thompson sampling based on extreme value theory. Empirical results are promising that the proposed strategy seems to outperform Lai & Robbins and UCB, some of the most important MAB algorithms known to date.
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Summary

This paper describes an adaptation of cognitive radio technology for tactical wireless networking. We introduce Competing Cognitive Radio Network (CCRN) featuring both communicator and jamming cognitive radio nodes that strategize in taking actions on an open spectrum under the presence of adversarial threats. We present the problem in the Multi-armed...

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Competing Mobile Network Game: embracing antijamming and jamming strategies with reinforcement learning

Published in:
2013 IEEE Conf. on Communications and Network Security (CNS), 14-16 October 2013, pp. 28-36.

Summary

We introduce Competing Mobile Network Game (CMNG), a stochastic game played by cognitive radio networks that compete for dominating an open spectrum access. Differentiated from existing approaches, we incorporate both communicator and jamming nodes to form a network for friendly coalition, integrate antijamming and jamming subgames into a stochastic framework, and apply Q-learning techniques to solve for an optimal channel access strategy. We empirically evaluate our Q-learning based strategies and find that Minimax-Q learning is more suitable for an aggressive environment than Nash-Q while Friend-or-for Q-learning can provide the best solution under distributed mobile ad hoc networking scenarios in which the centralized control can hardly be available.
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Summary

We introduce Competing Mobile Network Game (CMNG), a stochastic game played by cognitive radio networks that compete for dominating an open spectrum access. Differentiated from existing approaches, we incorporate both communicator and jamming nodes to form a network for friendly coalition, integrate antijamming and jamming subgames into a stochastic framework...

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Reconfigurable RF systems using commercially available digital capacitor arrays

Published in:
38th Annual GOMACTech Conf., 11-14 March 2013.
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Summary

Various RF circuit blocks implemented by using commercially available MEMS digital capacitor arrays are presented for reconfigurable RF systems. The designed circuit blocks are impedance-matching network, tunable bandpass filter, and VSWR sensor. The frequency range of the designed circuits is 0.4-4GHz. The MEMS digital capacitor arrays that are employed in the designs have built-in dc-to-dc voltage converter and serial interface significantly simplifying the control circuitry. The RF circuit blocks are suitable to low-cost, high-level of integration, thanks to the commercially available parts and standard RF packaging technologies.
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Summary

Various RF circuit blocks implemented by using commercially available MEMS digital capacitor arrays are presented for reconfigurable RF systems. The designed circuit blocks are impedance-matching network, tunable bandpass filter, and VSWR sensor. The frequency range of the designed circuits is 0.4-4GHz. The MEMS digital capacitor arrays that are employed in...

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Uses for field communication data in designing air traffic management decision support

Published in:
10th Conf. on Naturalistic Decision Making, 31 May 2011.

Summary

In this paper, example uses of field communication data are provided and how these data impact the evolution of the Route Availability Planning Tool (RAPT) for air traffic management is introduced. Simple communications analyses are provided that illustrate how communications can be used to improve what decision support is provided, who it is provided to, and in what context to present the support. Communications data is also shown to aid in contextualizing the decision support to better fit within the decision support framework in existence, which is critical to the success of situation awareness systems.
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Summary

In this paper, example uses of field communication data are provided and how these data impact the evolution of the Route Availability Planning Tool (RAPT) for air traffic management is introduced. Simple communications analyses are provided that illustrate how communications can be used to improve what decision support is provided...

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