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Cloud computing in tactical environments

Summary

Ground personnel at the tactical edge often lack data and analytics that would increase their effectiveness. To address this problem, this work investigates methods to deploy cloud computing capabilities in tactical environments. Our approach is to identify representative applications and to design a system that spans the software/hardware stack to support such applications while optimizing the use of scarce resources. This paper presents our high-level design and the results of initial experiments that indicate the validity of our approach.
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Summary

Ground personnel at the tactical edge often lack data and analytics that would increase their effectiveness. To address this problem, this work investigates methods to deploy cloud computing capabilities in tactical environments. Our approach is to identify representative applications and to design a system that spans the software/hardware stack to...

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Leveraging data provenance to enhance cyber resilience

Summary

Building secure systems used to mean ensuring a secure perimeter, but that is no longer the case. Today's systems are ill-equipped to deal with attackers that are able to pierce perimeter defenses. Data provenance is a critical technology in building resilient systems that will allow systems to recover from attackers that manage to overcome the "hard-shell" defenses. In this paper, we provide background information on data provenance, details on provenance collection, analysis, and storage techniques and challenges. Data provenance is situated to address the challenging problem of allowing a system to "fight-through" an attack, and we help to identify necessary work to ensure that future systems are resilient.
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Summary

Building secure systems used to mean ensuring a secure perimeter, but that is no longer the case. Today's systems are ill-equipped to deal with attackers that are able to pierce perimeter defenses. Data provenance is a critical technology in building resilient systems that will allow systems to recover from attackers...

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Charting a security landscape in the clouds: data protection and collaboration in cloud storage

Summary

This report surveys different approaches to securely storing and sharing data in the cloud based on traditional notions of security: confidentiality, integrity, and availability, with the main focus on confidentiality. An appendix discusses the related notion of how users can securely authenticate to cloud providers. We propose a metric for comparing secure storage approaches based on their residual vulnerabilities: attack surfaces against which an approach cannot protect. Our categorization therefore ranks approaches from the weakest (the most residual vulnerabilities) to the strongest (the fewest residual vulnerabilities). In addition to the security provided by each approach, we also consider their inherent costs and limitations. This report can therefore help an organization select a cloud data protection approach that satisfies their enterprise infrastructure, security specifications, and functionality requirements.
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Summary

This report surveys different approaches to securely storing and sharing data in the cloud based on traditional notions of security: confidentiality, integrity, and availability, with the main focus on confidentiality. An appendix discusses the related notion of how users can securely authenticate to cloud providers. We propose a metric for...

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