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Germanium CCDs for large-format SWIR and x-ray imaging

Summary

Germanium exhibits high sensitivity to short-wave infrared (SWIR) and X-ray radiation, making it an interesting candidate for imaging applications in these bands. Recent advances in germanium processing allow for high-quality charge-coupled devices (CCDs) to be realized in this material. In this article, we discuss our evaluation of germanium as an absorber material for CCDs via fabrication and analysis of discrete devices such as diodes, metal-insulator-semiconductor capacitors, and buried-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs). We then describe fabrication of our first imaging device on germanium, a 32 x 1 x 8.1 um linear shift register. Based on this work, we find that germanium is a promising material for CCDs imaging in the SWIR and X-ray bands.
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Summary

Germanium exhibits high sensitivity to short-wave infrared (SWIR) and X-ray radiation, making it an interesting candidate for imaging applications in these bands. Recent advances in germanium processing allow for high-quality charge-coupled devices (CCDs) to be realized in this material. In this article, we discuss our evaluation of germanium as an...

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Monolithic 3.3V CCD/SOI-CMOS Imager Technology

Summary

We have developed a merged CCD/SOI-CMOS technology that enables the fabrication of monolithic, low-power imaging systems on a chip. The CCD's, fabricated in the bulk handle wafer, have charge-transfer inefficiencies of about 1x10(-5) and well capacities of more than 100,000 electrons with 3.3-V clocks and 8x8um pixels. Fully depleted 0.35pm SOI-CMOS ring oscillators have stage delay of 48ps at 3.3V. We demonstrate for the first time an integrated image sensor with charge-domain A/D conversion and on-chip clocking.
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Summary

We have developed a merged CCD/SOI-CMOS technology that enables the fabrication of monolithic, low-power imaging systems on a chip. The CCD's, fabricated in the bulk handle wafer, have charge-transfer inefficiencies of about 1x10(-5) and well capacities of more than 100,000 electrons with 3.3-V clocks and 8x8um pixels. Fully depleted 0.35pm...

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