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Flexible glucose sensors and fuel cells for bioelectronic implants

Published in:
IEEE 60th Int. Midwest Symp. on Circuits and Systems, MWSCAS, 6-9 August 2017.

Summary

Microfabrication techniques were developed to create flexible 24 um thick glucose sensors on polyimide substrates. Measurements of the sensor performance, recorded as voltage potential, were carried out for a range of glucose concentrations (0 – 8 mM) in physiological saline (0.1 M NaCl, pH 7.4). The sensors show rapid response times (seconds to stable potential) and good sensitivity in the 0 – 4 mM range. Additionally, we demonstrate that the sensors can operate as fuel cells, generating peak power levels up to 0.94 uW/cm2. Such flexible devices, which can be rolled up to increase surface area within a fixed volume, may enable ultra-low-power bio-electronic implants for glucose sensing or glucose energy harvesting in the future.
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Summary

Microfabrication techniques were developed to create flexible 24 um thick glucose sensors on polyimide substrates. Measurements of the sensor performance, recorded as voltage potential, were carried out for a range of glucose concentrations (0 – 8 mM) in physiological saline (0.1 M NaCl, pH 7.4). The sensors show rapid response...

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FY11 Line-Supported Bio-Next Program - Multi-modal Early Detection Interactive Classifier (MEDIC) for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) triage

Summary

The Multi-modal Early Detection Interactive Classifier (MEDIC) is a triage system designed to enable rapid assessment of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) when access to expert diagnosis is limited as in a battlefield setting. MEDIC is based on supervised classification that requires three fundamental components to function correctly; these are data, features, and truth. The MEDIC system can act as a data collection device in addition to being an assessment tool. Therefore, it enables a solution to one of the fundamental challenges in understanding mTBI: the lack of useful data. The vision of MEDIC is to fuse results from stimulus tests in each of four modalitites - auditory, occular, vocal, and intracranial pressure - and provide them to a classifier. With appropriate data for training, the MEDIC classifier is expected to provide an immediate decision of whether the subject has a strong likelihood of having sustained an mTBI and therefore requires an expert diagnosis from a neurologist. The tests within each modalitity were designed to balance the capacity of objective assessment and the maturity of the underlying technology against the ability to distinguish injured from non-injured subjects according to published results. Selection of existing modalities and underlying features represents the best available, low cost, portable technology with a reasonable chance of success.
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Summary

The Multi-modal Early Detection Interactive Classifier (MEDIC) is a triage system designed to enable rapid assessment of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) when access to expert diagnosis is limited as in a battlefield setting. MEDIC is based on supervised classification that requires three fundamental components to function correctly; these are...

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