R&D 100 Awards
Since 2010, Lincoln Laboratory has received 38 R&D 100 Awards, including two R&D 100 Editor's Choice Awards, which are given to the top three technologies from among the year's 100 selected by R&D Magazine. Presented annually since 1962, the R&D 100 Awards recognize the 100 technology products judged by a panel of R&D Magazine editors and outside experts to be the most significant new developments of the year.
R&D 100 Award Winners by Year
- CO2/O2 Breath and Respiration Analyzer — a wireless, low-cost sensor that determines from a person's breath the fraction of metabolic energy produced by carbohydrate versus fat oxidation, providing information to guide weight loss and training.
- Ground-Based Sense-and-Avoid System for Unmanned Aircraft Systems — a first-in-production ground radar system that enables unmanned aircraft to see and avoid other aircraft.
- Polarimetric Co-location Layering — a novel algorithm that leverages polarimetry in maritime radar to mitigate the high false-alarm rate caused by radar returns from the sea surface.
- Presymptomatic Agent Exposure Detection — an algorithm that exploits data from noninvasive wearable medical sensors to detect if a person had been exposed to viruses or bacteria several days before overt symptoms, such as fever, appear.
- Pulse-to-Pulse Phase Diversity Processing for Interference Suppression and Range Disambiguation — a low-cost technique that uses phase-diverse waveforms and specialized processing to help mitigate the interference that wind turbines can impose on radars that track aircraft and weather.
- Wide-Area Infrared System for Persistent Surveillance — a portable system that detects and alerts operators to all moving objects in a monitored area during both day and night surveillance.
- Airborne Collision Avoidance System for Unmanned Aircraft — a system that processes multisensor data to allow unmanned aircraft to detect and track nearby aircraft and to enable ground operators to direct safe separation between unmanned vehicles and other air traffic.
- Offshore Precipitation Capability — a system that provides weather information for air traffic controllers by generating "radar-like" depictions of storms in offshore regions that are outside radar coverage.
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- Small Airport Surveillance Sensor — a low-cost secondary surveillance system that provides airport tower controllers with situational awareness of aircraft on the airport surface and in nearby airspace.
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- EnteroPhone™ — a wireless, ingestible device that monitors heart and breathing rates by listening to the body's sounds and that senses core temperature, all from within the gastrointestinal tract.
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- Laserscope — a tool set that offers surgical navigation and precise laser targeting within the spinal cavity to enable treatment of back pain with an outpatient procedure instead of with open back surgery.
- Broadband Magnetometry and Temperature Sensing with a Light-Trapping Diamond Waveguide — an ultrasensitive magnetic-field detector and temperature sensor that is 1000 times more energy-efficient than previous diamond-based magnetometers.
- Platform for Architecture-Neutral Dynamic Analysis — an open-source, plug-in software analysis framework that enables computer engineers to observe code as a program executes so they can understand and mitigate vulnerabilities or faults in the code.
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- Self-Defense Distributed Engagement Coordinator — an automated decision support tool that guides naval personnel on how to efficiently allocate resources in response to anti-ship missile threats.
- Video Content Summarization Tool — a software application that creates summary views of long-duration surveillance videos so analysts can quickly identify activity of interest.
- Airborne Sense-and-Avoid Radar Panel — a novel stepped-notch antenna array that supports aircraft and weather detection and tracking modes in a single multifunction aperture.
- Curled Microelectromechanical Switch — a curled-electrode switch that eliminates the sticking and contamination issues inherent in traditional electromechanical switches.
- Haystack Ultrawideband Satellite Imaging Radar — a ground-based, dual X- and W-band sensor that can produce very-high-resolution images of objects orbiting Earth.
- Localizing Ground-Penetrating Radar — a robust sensor that provides highly accurate, real-time vehicular position estimates based on prior mapping of subsurface features.
- Lunar Laser Communication System — an optical system that achieves very high uplink and downlink data rates between an Earth terminal and a distant satellite.
- Wide-Area Chemical Sensor — a highly precise, self-referencing spectrometer that measures the concentrations of specified target gases within the atmosphere.
- The Photoacoustic Sensing of Explosives — a system that detects and discriminates trace amounts of explosives from significant standoff distances.
- The Structured Knowledge Space — a software and information system that enables analysts to mine the vast store of intelligence reports available to government decision makers.
- Lincoln Open Cryptographic Key Management Architecture — a highly portable software library that enables cryptographic protection for communication devices.
- Route Availability Planning Tool — an automated decision support tool that predicts the availability of air traffic routes during thunderstorms.
- Wavelength Beam-Combining Fiber-Coupled Diode Laser — a high-intensity diode laser that combines unprecedented brightness, efficiency, and reliability.
- Wide Field-of-View Curved Focal Plane Array — a curved, charge-coupled device that corrects for inherent aberrations of the mirrors and lenses in optical systems.
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- Airborne Ladar Imaging Research Testbed — an airborne laser radar that rapidly collects high-resolution three-dimensional imagery of wide-area terrains.
- Multifunction Phased Array Radar Panel — a panel of phased arrays that exploits dual polarization and digital beamforming to provide efficient radar detection and tracking of aircraft and weather targets.
- Parallel Vector Tile Optimizing Library — a real-time signal processing library that enables cross-platform portability of programs without sacrificing high performance.
- Pathogen Analyzer for Threatening Environmental Releases Bioaerosol Identification System — a highly sensitive sensor that uses genetically modified white blood cells to rapidly detect and identify pathogens and toxins.
- Geiger-Mode Avalanche Photodiode Detector Focal-Plane Arrays — a two-dimensional array of ultrasensitive solid-state photodetectors, each of which can measure the arrival time of single photons.
- Subwavelength-Separated Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detector Arrays — a component in an optical detection system that enables broadband single-photon detection with high efficiency and low noise at rates exceeding one billion photons per second.
- Digital-Pixel Focal-Plane Array — a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor readout-integrated circuit for infrared imaging that is capable of an extreme dynamic range.
- Runway Status Lights — a system integrating data from airport surveillance sources to control in-pavement lights that directly alert pilots to potential runway incursions.
- Miniaturized Radio-Frequency Four-Channel Receiver — the smallest, least-power-demanding receiver that can detect frequencies over a six-octave range.
Earlier R&D 100 Award Winners
In addition, Lincoln Laboratory received two earlier R&D 100 Awards: one in 1998 jointly with Cyra Technologies and the Los Alamos National Laboratory for a three-dimensional laser mapping and imaging system; the other in 1995 for a technology that determines a plane's position by using GPS.