A split band adaptive predictive coding (SBAPC) speech system
April 1, 1980
IEEE Int. Conf. on Acoustics, Speech, & Signal Processing, 9-11 April 1980.
As developed by Atal and Schroeder , conventional Adaptive Predictive Coding (APC) of speech employs both vocal tract and pitch prediction to achieve a low energy, spectrally flattened residual. Errors in the pitch predictor can result in clipping errors which can propagate in the system for relatively long periods of time and degrade the quality of the synthesized speech. Makhoul and Berouti  have developed a high quality 16 kbps APC system which eliminates the pitch predictor by using a multi-level variable rate quantizer. In order to achieve comparable quality at even lower data rates, a split band APC (SBAPC) structure is proposed which employs the multi-level quantizer on the low frequency portion of the residual and a 1-bit quantizer on the high frequency portion of the residual.