Dynamic response of an electronically shuttered CCD imager
June 1, 2004
The dynamic response of an electronically shuttered charge-coupled device (CCD) imager to nanosecond voltage pulses has been investigated. Measurements show that the shutter can be dynamically opened and closed in nanosecond times. For the shutter opening, simulations indicate that the collection of photoelectrons occurs in times much shorter than that needed to form the steady-state depletion region under the CCD well. In addition, the shutter closing occurs faster than the reconstitution of the p-buried (shutter) layer. Simulations further indicate that electric fields created in the neutral substrate by the shutter clocks enable photogenerated charge collection/rejection on nanosecond time scales despite the fact that the depletion-region formation and collapse take much longer times.