The Memphis Precision Runway Monitor Program Instrument Landing System final approach study
May 24, 1993
This report documents the study of the lateral positions of aircraft on Instrument Landing System (ILS) approaches during the Memphis, Tennessee, Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) demonstration. The PRM is an advanced radar monitoring system that improved the arrival capacity of closely spaced parallel runways in poor weather conditions. The results of this study are used to assist in determining the minimum runway spacing that will he authorized for PRM. The objective of this study was to quantify the lateral character of ILS arrivals and the consequent impact on independent simultaneous ILS arrival to closely spaced parallel runways. The sensitivity of the arriving aircrafts' lateral positions to different variables such as visibility, wind runway, aircraft type, autopilot performance, and localizer beam width was determined. Also, the Memphis arrival data were compared to FAA Technical Center Chicago O'Hare approach data. The analysis was primarily based on surveillance reports of 4,000 ILS arrivals into Memphis International Airport, collected with the PRM AMPS sensor (ATCRBS Monopulse Processing System). A major result of the study was that lateral aircraft positions will not hamper independent arrivals to parallel runways spaced 3,400 feet apart, but will impede operations at 3,000 feet or smaller unless approach modifications are introduced. Lateral deviations were found to be most sensitive to reduced visibility and certain autopilots. Lateral deviations were also found to be somewhat more at Memphis relative to Chicago O'Hare. Recommendations for further data analysis and collection are discussed.