Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) was the subject of airborne testing in Frankfurt, Germany in May 2000. ADS-B is a system in which latitude-longitude information is broadcast regularly by aircraft, so that receivers on the ground and in other aircraft can determine the presence and accurate locations of the transmitting aircraft. In addition to the latitude and longitude, ADS-B transmissions include altitude, velocity, aircraft address, and a number of other items of optional information. The tests in Germany were aimed at assessing the performance of Mode S Extended Squitter, which is one of several possible implementations of ADS-B. Extended Squitter uses a conventional Mode S signal format, specifically the 112-bit reply format at 1090 MHz, currently being used operationally for air-to-ground communications and air-to-air coordination in TCAS (Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System).