Modeling and distributed control of microgrids: a negative feedback approach
December 11, 2019
In this paper, we first show how general microgrid can be modeled as a negative feedback configuration comprising two subsystems. The first subsystem is the interconnected microgrid grid which is affected through negative feedback by the second subsystem consisting of all single-port components. This is modeled by transforming physical state variables into energy state variables and by systematically defining input and output of system components in this transformed state space. We next draw on the fact that for this basic feedback configuration there exist several types of conditions regarding subsystem properties which ensure overall system properties. In particular, we utilize dissipativity theory to propose a subsystem nonlinear control design for heterogeneous resource components comprising microgrids so that they jointly result in a closed-loop feasible and stable dynamical system for given ranges of system disturbances.