Shape invariant time-scale and pitch modification of speech
March 1, 1992
The simplified linear model of speech production predicts that when the rate of articulation is changed, the resulting waveform takes on the appearance of the original, except for a change in the time scale. The goal of this paper is to develop a time-scale modification system that preserves this shape-invariance property during voicing. This is done using a version of the sinusoidal analysis-synthesis system that models and independently modifies the phase contributions of the vocal tract and vocal cord excitation. An important property of the system is its capability of performing time-varying rates of change. Extensions of the method are applied to fixed and time-varying pitch modification of speech. The sine-wave analysis-synthesis system also allows for shape-invariant joint time-scale and pitch modification, and allows for the adjustment of the time scale and pitch according to speech characteristics such as the degree of voicing.