Models of vortex behavior as a function of atmospheric conditions are being developed in an attempt to improve safety and minimize unnecessary airport capacity restrictions due to wake vortices. Direct measurements of vortices and the relevant meteorological conditions in an operational setting, which would serve to improve the understanding of vortex behavior, are scarce and incomplete. A comprehensive vortex, meteorological, and aircraft measurement system has been constructed at Memphis International Airport and operated in two I-month periods during 1994 and 1995. A 10.6 um continuous-wave (CW) coherent lidar was used to measure vortex parameters with high fidelity. This lidar features a number of improvements over previous systems, including an automatic vortex detection and tracking algorithm to ensure efficient scanning. Meteorological data were collected from a 45 m instrumented tower, balloon soundings, a wind profiler/radio acoustic sounding system (RASS), sonic detection and ranging (SO DAR), and other sensors. This paper presents ensemble distributions of the conditions under which the over 500 aircraft were measured, and samples of vortex and atmospheric measurements. These data will be compared with theoretical predictions of vortex behavior as part of the development of an operational system designed to reduce aircraft spacings in the terminal area.