Design considerations and results for an overlapped subarray radar antenna
March 5, 2005
Overlapped subarray networks produce flattopped sector patterns with low sidelobes that suppress grating lobes outside of the main beam of the subarray pattern. They are typically used in limited scan applications, where it is desired to minimize the number of controls required to steer the beam. However, the architecture of an overlapped subarray antenna includes many signal crossovers and a wide variation in splitting/combining ratios, which make it difficult to maintain required error tolerances. This paper presents the design considerations and results for an overlapped subarray radar antenna, including a custom subarray weighting function and the corresponding circuit design and fabrication. Measured pattern results will be shown for a prototype design compared with desired patterns.