Predicting and analyzing factors in patent litigation
Patent litigation is an expensive and time-consuming process. To minimize its impact on the participants in the patent lifecycle, automatic determination of litigation potential is a compelling machine learning application. In this paper, we consider preliminary methods for the prediction of a patent being involved in litigation using metadata, content, and graph features. Metadata features are top-level easily-extractable features, i.e., assignee, number of claims, etc. The content feature performs lexical analysis of the claims associated to a patent. Graph features use relational learning to summarize patent references. We apply our methods on US patents using a labeled data set. Prior work has focused on metadata-only features, but we show that both graph and content features have significant predictive capability. Additionally, fusing all features results in improved performance. We also perform a preliminary examination of some of the qualitative factors that may have significant importance in patent litigation.