Analysis of ground-based radar low-altitude wind-shear detection in OEP terminal airspace for NextGen
To support the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen), the Reduce Weather Impact Sensor RightSizing program is identifying and analyzing gaps in the current sensor network coverage relative to the Four-Dimensional Weather Data Cube Single Authoritative Source performance requirements. In this study, we look for shortfalls in low-altitude wind-shear sensing by ground-based radars and lidar in the NextGen super-density operations (SDO) terminal airspace. Specifically, 2D gridded wind-shear visibility (an upper bound to detection probability) data are generated for microbursts and gust fronts separately for different sensors, namely the Terminal Doppler Weather Radar, Next Generation Weather Radar, Airport Surveillance Radar-9 with Weather Systems Processor, and Doppler lidar.