MBE back-illuminated silicon Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes for enhanced ultraviolet response
April 25, 2011
We have demonstrated a wafer-scale back-illumination process for silicon Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays using Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) for backside passivation. Critical to this fabrication process is support of the thin (< 10 um) detector during the MBE growth by oxide-bonding to a full-thickness silicon wafer. This back-illumination process makes it possible to build low-dark-count-rate single-photon detectors with high quantum efficiency extending to deep ultraviolet wavelengths. This paper reviews our process for fabricating MBE back-illuminated silicon Geigermode avalanche photodiode arrays and presents characterization of initial test devices.