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Wind Information Requirements for NextGen Operations Phase 5 Report(13.64 MB)

Date:
August 22, 2017
Published in:
Project Report ATC-439, MIT Lincoln Laboratory
Type:
Project Report
Topic:

Summary

NextGen applications with time-based control elements, such as required time of arrival (RTA) at a meter fix under 4D trajectory-based operations (4D-TBO)/time of arrival control (TOAC) procedures or assigned spacing goal between aircraft under Interval Management (IM) procedures, are subject to the quality of the atmospheric forecast utilized by participating aircraft. The work described in this report summarizes the major activities conducted in the current phase of this program which builds upon prior work.
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Summary

NextGen applications with time-based control elements, such as required time of arrival (RTA) at a meter fix under 4D trajectory-based operations (4D-TBO)/time of arrival control (TOAC) procedures or assigned spacing goal between aircraft under Interval Management (IM) procedures, are subject to the quality of the atmospheric forecast utilized by participating...
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Wind information requirements for NextGen operations, phase 5 report

Date:
August 22, 2017
Published in:
Project Report ATC-439, MIT Lincoln Laboratory
Type:
Project Report

Summary

NextGen applications with time-based control elements, such as required time of arrival (RTA) at a meter fix under 4D trajectory-based operations (4D-TBO)/time of arrival control (TOAC) procedures or assigned spacing goal between aircraft under Interval Management (IM) procedures, are subject to the quality of the atmospheric forecast utilized by participating aircraft. The work described in this report summarizes the major activities conducted in the current phase of this program which builds upon prior work. The major objectives were: 1. Support RTCA Special Committee-206 Aeronautical Information and Meteorological Data Link Services and co-chair a sub-group responsible for developing the document "Guidance for Data Linking Forecast and Real-Time Wind Information to Aircraft." 2. Analyze the performance of publicly available forecast as compared to in-situ reported atmospheric conditions, specifically comparing Global Forecast System (GFS) and High Resolution Rapid Refresh (HRRR) forecast data to recorded in-flight weather Meteorological Data Collection and Reporting System (MDCRS) data. 3. Analyze current and future Flight Management Systems (FMSs) to conduct operations at significantly lower altitudes than previous studies. 4. Evaluate potential sources of aircraft-derived winds to better support 4D-TBO activities. 5. Provide recommendations for high-value future work.
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Summary

NextGen applications with time-based control elements, such as required time of arrival (RTA) at a meter fix under 4D trajectory-based operations (4D-TBO)/time of arrival control (TOAC) procedures or assigned spacing goal between aircraft under Interval Management (IM) procedures, are subject to the quality of the atmospheric forecast utilized by participating...
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Wind information requirements for NextGen applications phase 4 final report(5.87 MB)

Date:
March 6, 2017
Published in:
Project Report ATC-431, MIT Lincoln Laboratory
Type:
Project Report
Topic:

Summary

Many NextGen applications depend on access to high accuracy wind data due to time-based control elements, such as required time of arrival at a meter fix under 4D-Trajectory-Based Operations/Time of Arrival Control procedures or compliance to an assigned spacing goal between aircraft under Interval Management procedures. The work described in this report summarizes the activities conducted in FY15, which builds upon prior work.
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Summary

Many NextGen applications depend on access to high accuracy wind data due to time-based control elements, such as required time of arrival at a meter fix under 4D-Trajectory-Based Operations/Time of Arrival Control procedures or compliance to an assigned spacing goal between aircraft under Interval Management procedures. The work described in...
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Terminal Flight Data Manager (TFDM) environmental benefits assessment(2.35 MB)

Date:
November 10, 2016
Published in:
Project Report ATC-420, MIT Lincoln Laboratory
Type:
Project Report

Summary

This work monetizes the environmental benefits of Terminal Flight Data Manager (TFDM) capabilities which reduce fuel burn and gaseous emissions, and in turn reduce climate change and air quality effects.
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Summary

This work monetizes the environmental benefits of Terminal Flight Data Manager (TFDM) capabilities which reduce fuel burn and gaseous emissions, and in turn reduce climate change and air quality effects.
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Terminal Flight Data Manager (TFDM) runway balancing capability assessment(2.48 MB)

Date:
February 6, 2015
Published in:
Project Report ATC-421, MIT Lincoln Laboratory
Type:
Project Report

Summary

Two of the capabilities being considered for the Terminal Flight Data Manager (TFDM) automation system are an airport resource information platform for departure-demand allocation and a runway balancing tool. This document reports the potential delay-reduction benefits of both capabilities at three case-study airports that were considered representative of the range of airports considered for TFDM deployment.
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Summary

Two of the capabilities being considered for the Terminal Flight Data Manager (TFDM) automation system are an airport resource information platform for departure-demand allocation and a runway balancing tool. This document reports the potential delay-reduction benefits of both capabilities at three case-study airports that were considered representative of the range...
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Wind Information Requirements for NextGen Applications - Phase 3 Final Report(3.98 MB)

Date:
December 15, 2014
Published in:
Project Report ATC-422, MIT Lincoln Laboratory
Type:
Project Report
Topic:

Summary

Many NextGen applications depend on access to high accuracy wind data due to time-based control elements, such as required time of arrival at a meter fix under 4D-Trajectory-Based Operations/Time of Arrival Control procedures or compliance to an assigned spacing goal between aircraft under Interval Management procedures. The work described in this report summarizes the activities conducted in FY14, which builds upon prior work.
READ LESS

Summary

Many NextGen applications depend on access to high accuracy wind data due to time-based control elements, such as required time of arrival at a meter fix under 4D-Trajectory-Based Operations/Time of Arrival Control procedures or compliance to an assigned spacing goal between aircraft under Interval Management procedures. The work described in...
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Wind Information Requirements for NextGen Applications - Phase 2 Final Report(7.63 MB)

Date:
May 1, 2014
Published in:
Project Report ATC-418, MIT Lincoln Laboratory
Type:
Project Report
Topic:

Summary

Accurate wind information is of fundamental importance to some of the critical future air traffic concepts envisioned under the FAA’s Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen) initiative. In the first phase of this work, a Wind Information Analysis Framework was developed to help explore the relationship of wind information to NextGen application performance. A refined version of the framework has been developed for the Phase 2 work.
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Summary

Accurate wind information is of fundamental importance to some of the critical future air traffic concepts envisioned under the FAA’s Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen) initiative. In the first phase of this work, a Wind Information Analysis Framework was developed to help explore the relationship of wind information to...
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Airport surface traffic management decision support - perspectives based on tower flight data manager prototype

Date:
May 20, 2013
Published in:
Project Report ATC-398, MIT Lincoln Laboratory
Type:
Project Report

Summary

This report describes accomplishments and insights gathered during the development of decision support tools as part of the Terminal Flight Data Manager (TFDM) program. This work was performed by MIT Lincoln Laboratory and sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The TFDM program integrated flight data, aircraft surveillance, information on weather and traffic flow constraints, and other data required to optimize airport configuration and arrival/departure management functions. The prototype has been evaluated in both human-in-the-loop simulations, and during operational tests at Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) International Airport. In parallel, the Laboratory estimated future national operational benefits for TFDM decision support functions, using analysis and performance data gathered from major airports in the US. This analysis indicated that the greatest potential operational benefits would come from decision support tools that facilitate: i) managing runway queues and sequences, ii) tactical management of flight routes and times, impacted by weather and traffic constraints, and iii) managing airport configuration changes. Evaluation of TFDM prototype decision support functions in each of these areas provided valuable insights relative to the maturity of current capabilities and research needed to close performance gaps.
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Summary

This report describes accomplishments and insights gathered during the development of decision support tools as part of the Terminal Flight Data Manager (TFDM) program. This work was performed by MIT Lincoln Laboratory and sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The TFDM program integrated flight data, aircraft surveillance, information on...
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Wind information requirements for NextGen applications phase 1: 4D-trajectory based operations (4D-TBO)

Date:
February 20, 2013
Published in:
Project Report ATC-399, MIT Lincoln Laboratory
Type:
Project Report
Topic:

Summary

Accurate wind information is required to support some of the key applications envisioned for future air traffic concepts. A Wind Information Analysis Framework has been developed to assess wind information needs for different applications. The framework is described and then applied in a Four-Dimensional Trajectory Based Operations (4D-TBO) application using simplified versions of the framework's elements to demonstrate its utility. Realistic ranges of wind information accuracy in terms of wind forecast and Flight Management System wind representation errors are studied. Their impacts on 4D-TBO performance in terms of Required Time of Arrival compliance and fuel burn are presented. Interpretations of the findings to give insights on wind information requirements are provided, together with an outline of the planned next phase of the study to further refine the outputs.
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Summary

Accurate wind information is required to support some of the key applications envisioned for future air traffic concepts. A Wind Information Analysis Framework has been developed to assess wind information needs for different applications. The framework is described and then applied in a Four-Dimensional Trajectory Based Operations (4D-TBO) application using...
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Tower Flight Data Manager benefits assessment: initial investment decision interim report

Date:
November 19, 2012
Published in:
Project Report ATC-394, MIT Lincoln Laboratory
Type:
Project Report

Summary

This document provides an overview of MIT Lincoln Laboratory's activities in support of the interim stage of the Initial Investment Decision benefits assessment for the Tower Flight Data Manager. It outlines the rationale for the focus areas, and the background, methodology, and scope in the focus areas of departure metering, sequence optimization, airport configuration optimization, and safety assessment. Estimates of the potential benefits enabled by TFDM deployment are presented for each of these areas for a subset of airports and conditions considered within the scope of the analyses. These benefits are monetized where possible. Recommendations for follow-on work, for example, to support future benefits assessment efforts for TFDM, are also discussed.
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Summary

This document provides an overview of MIT Lincoln Laboratory's activities in support of the interim stage of the Initial Investment Decision benefits assessment for the Tower Flight Data Manager. It outlines the rationale for the focus areas, and the background, methodology, and scope in the focus areas of departure metering,...
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