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Broadband magnetometry and temperature sensing with a light-trapping diamond waveguide

Published in:
Nature Phys. Lett., Vol. 11, May 2015, pp. 393-7.

Summary

Solid-state quantum sensors are attracting wide interest because of their sensitivity at room temperature. In particular, the spin properties of individual nitrogen-vacancy (NV) colour centres in diamond make them outstanding nanoscale sensors of magnetic fields, electric fields and temperature under ambient conditions. Recent work on NV ensemble-based magnetometers, inertial sensors, and clocks has employed unentangled colour centres to realize significant improvements in sensitivity. However, to achieve this potential sensitivity enhancement in practice, new techniques are required to excite efficiently and to collect the optical signal from large NV ensembles. Here, we introduce a light-trapping diamond waveguide geometry with an excitation efficiency and signal collection that enables in excess of 5% conversion efficiency of pump photons into optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) fluorescence--an improvement over previous single-pass geometries of more than three orders of magnitude. This marked enhancement of the ODMR signal enables precision broadband measurements of magnetic field and temperature in the low-frequency range, otherwise inaccessible by dynamical decoupling techniques.
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Summary

Solid-state quantum sensors are attracting wide interest because of their sensitivity at room temperature. In particular, the spin properties of individual nitrogen-vacancy (NV) colour centres in diamond make them outstanding nanoscale sensors of magnetic fields, electric fields and temperature under ambient conditions. Recent work on NV ensemble-based magnetometers, inertial sensors...

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Increasing the coherence time in a magnetically-sensitive stimulated Raman transition in 85Rb

Published in:
FIO 2014: Frontiers in Optics, 14 October 2014.

Summary

We experimentally study the Ramsey, spin echo, and CPMG pulse sequences of a magnetically sensitive transition of a cold 85Rb gas. We can increase the coherence time by up to a factor of 10 by using CPMG pulse sequences as compared to Ramsey or spin echo.
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Summary

We experimentally study the Ramsey, spin echo, and CPMG pulse sequences of a magnetically sensitive transition of a cold 85Rb gas. We can increase the coherence time by up to a factor of 10 by using CPMG pulse sequences as compared to Ramsey or spin echo.

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A frequency selective atom interferometer magnetometer

Published in:
J. Mod. Opt., Vol. 61, No. 1, 2014, pp. 61-71.
Topic:
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Summary

In this article, we discuss the magnetic-field frequency selectivity of a time-domain interferometer based on the number and timing of intermediate pi pulses. We theoretically show that by adjusting the number of pi pulses and the pi-pulse timing, we can control the frequency selectivity of the interferometer to time varying and DC magnetic fields. We present experimental data demonstrating increased coherence time due to bandwidth filtering with the inclusion of a pi pulse between the initial and final pi/2 pulses, which mitigates sensitivity to low frequency magnetic fields.
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Summary

In this article, we discuss the magnetic-field frequency selectivity of a time-domain interferometer based on the number and timing of intermediate pi pulses. We theoretically show that by adjusting the number of pi pulses and the pi-pulse timing, we can control the frequency selectivity of the interferometer to time varying...

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A tunable AC atom interferometer magnetometer

Published in:
QIM 2013, Quantum Information and Measurement, 17-20 June 2013.

Summary

We demonstrate an atom interferometer designed to measure magnetic fields and field gradients. Here, we study various pulse sequences and show how they can be manipulated to filter unwanted frequencies and to enhance desired frequencies.
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Summary

We demonstrate an atom interferometer designed to measure magnetic fields and field gradients. Here, we study various pulse sequences and show how they can be manipulated to filter unwanted frequencies and to enhance desired frequencies.

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Driven dynamics and rotary echo of a qubit tunably coupled to a harmonic oscillator

Summary

We have investigated the driven dynamics of a superconducting flux qubit that is tunably coupled to a microwave resonator. We find that the qubit experiences an oscillating field mediated by off-resonant driving of the resonator, leading to strong modifications of the qubit Rabi frequency. This opens an additional noise channel, and we find that low-frequency noise in the coupling parameter causes a reduction of the coherence time during driven evolution. The noise can be mitigated with the rotary-echo pulse sequence, which, for driven systems, is analogous to the Hahn-echo sequence.
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Summary

We have investigated the driven dynamics of a superconducting flux qubit that is tunably coupled to a microwave resonator. We find that the qubit experiences an oscillating field mediated by off-resonant driving of the resonator, leading to strong modifications of the qubit Rabi frequency. This opens an additional noise channel...

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